Like most digital SLR cameras, the Rule Rebel T6, or Eos 1300D, has a pre-installed flash in addition to a hotshoe for an off-camera flash. Typically the built-in flash is very good for informal photography, perhaps of family or friends. It has a GN (guide number) of 90, which means that it is effective over a distance of about 2-3 metre distances under normal settings (100 ISO, f4).
The good thing about the built-in flash is that, being built into the camera, you always have it with you, and it is automatically focused on produce the best exposure, using the camera’s ETTL system (Evaluative Through The Lens), which means that the camera shares its exposure settings with the flash so that the picture looks good. This is particularly useful if you are using the adobe flash to fill-in. The other advantage is that if you are using the Basic Modes (automatic through to night portrait), then the camera will decide if flash is required Canon 1300D, so you need not think about it.
There is also an option to help make the adobe flash fire, even if the camera doesn’t think you need it. The options you can change are limited compared to the external flash, but one useful choice is front drape or rear curtain, because this will have an effect about how your action pictures are shot. if the flash is set to first curtain, then the flash will open fire as the shutter clears.
In the event the flash is established to rear curtain, then the flash will fire just before the shutter release closes. This may well not seem to be important, but if you are shooting fast-moving subjects, firing the flash first will make it look like the subject is moving backwards (because the subject is frozen by the flash, and then there is some ghostly movement as the subject moves forward). If the flash fires at the end of the shot, the ghostly movement happens first, and the issue is frozen by the flash, which makes the subject like they go forwards.
You can also change the exposure compensation configurations and the ETTL choosing either evaluative or average. In this instance, Evaluative will set the adobe flash according the light on the subject, whereas Typical will set the flash according to an average of all the light in the frame. Since the flash is using ETTL, it knows the lens settings, so it will concentrate the expensive light if the lens is zoomed (50 -100mm) or disperse the light if the lens is on a wide focal length (24mm, for example).
With both you get the option to change the flash synchronization – either front (first) drape or rear (second) curtain. Front curtain fires the flash as the shutter release opens and rear drape fires the flash just as the shutter closes. If the subject is stationary, then this won’t matter much, but if the subject is moving, when the flash fires will affect the impression of movement in the picture.
The off-camera flash options may also offer High Speed Sync, which allows you to shoot pictures in bright light with a shallow depth of field. With both flash options you get Flash Direct exposure Bracketing (FEB), which allows you to definitely bracket your photos – shoot the same picture with different flash intensity, and then decide on the one you prefer.
In case the external flash has ETTL settings, then it will also respond to the zoom setting of the lens. This is very useful as, if the lens is on a wide-angle setting the adobe flash will try to distribute its light over a wide area, whereas if the lens is on long setting, then the flash will reduce a beam of light to try to get more distance. In many cases the external flash will also operate as a servant flash, which means that you can place the flash away from the camera, and it can be induced by the built-in expensive on the camera.
Typically the Canon 1300D, or Digital rebel T6, is a superb camera for learning how to use flash in your photography. Watch this video here or visit my website to determine more.